"Terrorism" and Blowback: A Chronology
by Janette Rainwater,
2 3 4
6 7 8
9 10 11
December 12, 1979 At
a secret meeting in the Kremlin the decision is made to invade Afghanistan
at Christmas despite the strenuous objections of the three key generals.
[The leaders believed that Taraki, before his overthrow and murder,
had been undermined by Amin's "personal dictatorship,"
that Amin was in cahoots with the US Embassy, and that Pakistan
and the CIA were encouraging and equipping the ultra-right Muslim
opposition. They were afraid that the Americans would try to destabilize
their Muslim republics of Central Asia and that they wanted Pakistan
and Afghanistan as anti-Soviet bases to replace Iran (lost earlier
that year with the overthrow of the Shah.) Cooley, pp.
December 24, 1979
The Soviet Army enters Kabul and installs a puppet government. Babrak
Karmal, the leader of the Parcham faction, is made president. Rashid,
December 27, 1979
The Soviets assassinate Amin, as planned at the Kremlin meeting.
(They first reported that he had been "accidentally killed.")
Cooley, pp. 17-18.
January 4, 1980 President
Carter announces some measures to counter the Soviet invasion of
Afghanistan C a partial embargo on US grain sales to the Soviet
Union, a major cutback on fishing rights in US waters, and no more
licensing of American technology. He tells the Senate to shelve
consideration of the SALT II arms reduction treaty. He hints that
the US may boycott the Olympic games to take place that summer in
Moscow. The next day Brzezinski leaves for Cairo and Islamabad to
1. Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat agrees to allow US cargo planes to fly from Egyptian
air fields. He will also scour warehouses for old Soviet weapons
2. With the understanding
that all weapons are to be funneled though his secret service, the
ISI, General Zia al-Haq agrees that Pakistan will establish training
camps and train Afghans and other Muslim volunteers.
3. Saudi Arabia agrees
to help financially. [Their contribution ultimately matched that
of the US, dollar for dollar.]
4. The Sultan of Oman
contributes the use of air bases and naval harbors.
5. Secretary of Defense
Harold Brown negotiates a deal with China: The US will sell them
a ground station for satellite reception which contains some coveted
"dual-use" technology. China will allow the US to build
two electronic intelligence posts in Xianjiang (to replace the ones
lost in Iran).
6. Israel will very covertly
supply the mujaheddin with Soviet weapons confiscated from the Palestinians.
[It is also possible, but not proven, that Israel's special forces
trained some Afghani volunteers.] Cooley, pp. 15-16, 59,
65-69, 100, 95, 108-110.
January 20, 1981 Ronald
Reagan is inaugurated as the 40th president. William Casey, the
new head of the CIA, enthusiastically adopts the covert operation
in Afghanistan started by Brzezinski, Carter, and Carter's DCI,
Stansfield Turner. [The Black Budget cost of the first year under
Carter had been $100 million. Rep. Charles Wilson (D-TX) of the
Defense Appropriations Subcommittee called this "peanuts"
and, with several other anti-communist hawks, saw to it that Black
Budget funds for the covert operation in Afghanistan quickly quadrupled.
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